On the foothills of the Simonsberg Mountain, in the centre of a panoramic circle of mountains, the soil consists of decomposed granite with a high clay content, allowing good drainage and the vines to grow deep roots. The soil in the Western Cape is known as one of the oldest viticultural soils in the world: approximately 600 million years old. The Estate was never replanted in vines after Phylloxera hit South Africa at the end of the 19th century, and had become a fruit farm for most of the 20th century. An exhaustive soil analysis, weather condition, and slope exposures led to the planting of 54.5 hectares of red varieties, 5.5 hectares of Chardonnay. The rest of our land is devoted to olive trees, fynbos and other indigenous plants found only in the Cape, which support a diverse range of local fauna.